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 UNPUBLISHED UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE FOURTH CIRCUIT No. 17-6991 UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. FREDERICK GASTON BROWN, JR., Defendant - Appellant. Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia, at
Norfolk. Robert G. Doumar, Senior District Judge. (2:90-cr-00149-RGD-3;
2:16-cv-00258-RGD) Submitted: December 19, 2017 Decided: January 11, 2018 Before NIEMEYER, DUNCAN, and FLOYD, Circuit Judges. Dismissed by unpublished per curiam opinion. Frederick Gaston Brown, Jr., Appellant Pro Se. Joseph Kosky, OFFICE OF THE
UNITED STATES ATTORNEY, Norfolk, Virginia, for Appellee. Unpublished opinions are not binding precedent in this circuit. PER CURIAM: Frederick Gaston Brown, Jr., seeks to appeal the district court’s order denying relief on his 28 U.S.C. § 2255 (2012) motion. The order is not appealable unless a circuit justice or judge issues a certificate of appealability. 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(1)(B) (2012). A certificate of appealability will not issue absent “a substantial showing of the denial of a constitutional right.” 28 U.S.C. § 2253(c)(2) (2012). When the district court denies relief on the merits, a prisoner satisfies this standard by demonstrating that reasonable jurists would find that the district court’s assessment of the constitutional claims is debatable or wrong. Slack v. McDaniel, ...